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太阳能光伏系统的分类与介绍

发布日期:2020-02-03 作者: 点击:

大发体育YIBANWOMENJIANGGUANGFUXITONGFENWEIDULIXITONG、BINGWANGXITONGHEHUNHEXITONG。RUGUOGENJUTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUXITONGDEYINGYONGXINGSHI,YINGYONGGUIMOHEFUZAIDELEIXING,DUIGUANGFUGONGDIANXITONGJINXINGBIJIAOXIZHIDEHUAFEN。HAIKEYIJIANGGUANGFUXITONGXIFENWEIRUXIALIUZHONGLEIXING:XIAOXINGTAIYANGNENGGONGDIANXITONG(SmallDC);JIANDANZHILIUXITONG(SimpleDC);DAXINGTAIYANGNENGGONGDIANXITONG(LargeDC);JIAOLIU、ZHILIUGONGDIANXITONG(AC/DC);BINGWANGXITONG(UtilityGridConnect);HUNHEGONGDIANXITONG(Hybrid);BINGWANGHUNHEXITONG。XIAMIANJIUMEIZHONGXITONGDEGONGZUOYUANLIHETEDIANJINXINGSHUOMING。

1.XIAOXINGTAIYANGNENGGONGDIANXITONG(SmallDC)

该系统的特点是系统中只有直流负载而且负载功率比较小,光伏发电厂家整个系统结构简单,操作简便。其主要用途是一般的家庭户用系统,各种民用的直流产品以及相关的娱乐设备。如在我国西部地区就大面积推广使用了这种类型的光伏系统,负载为直流灯,用来解决无电地区的家庭照明问题。

光伏发电厂家

2.JIANDANZHILIUXITONG(SimpleDC)

GAIXITONGDETEDIANSHIXITONGZHONGDEFUZAIWEIZHILIUFUZAIERQIEDUIFUZAIDESHIYONGSHIJIANMEIYOUTEBIEDEYAOQIU,FUZAIZHUYAOSHIZAIBAITIANSHIYONG,SUOYIXITONGZHONGMEIYOUSHIYONGXUDIANCHI,YEBUXUYAOSHIYONGKONGZHIQI,XITONGJIEGOUJIANDAN,ZHIJIESHIYONGGUANGFUZUJIANJIFUZAIGONGDIAN,SHENGQULENENGLIANGZAIXUDIANCHIZHONGDECHUCUNHESHIFANGGUOCHENG,YIJIKONGZHIQIZHONGDENENGLIANGSUNSHI,TIGAOLENENGLIANGLIYONGXIAOLV。QICHANGYONGYUPVSHUIBENGXITONG、YIXIEBAITIANLINSHISHEBEIYONGDIANHEYIXIELVYOUSHESHIZHONG。XIATUXIANSHIDEJIUSHIYIGEJIANDANZHILIUDEPVSHUIBENGXITONG。ZHEIZHONGXITONGZAIFAZHANZHONGGUOJIADEWUCHUNJINGZILAISHUIGONGYINDEDIQUDEDAOLEGUANGFANDEYINGYONG,CHANSHENGLELIANGHAODESHEHUIXIAOYI。

3.DAXINGTAIYANGNENGGONGDIANXITONG(LargeDC)

GUANGFUFADIANCHANGJIAYUSHANGSHULIANGZHONGGUANGFUXITONGXIANGBI,ZHEIZHONGGUANGFUXITONGRENGRANSHISHIYONGYUZHILIUDIANYUANXITONG,DANSHIZHEIZHONGTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUXITONGTONGCHANGFUZAIGONGLVJIAODA,WEILEBAOZHENGKEYIKEKAODIJIFUZAITIGONGWENDINGDEDIANLIGONGYING,QIXIANGYINGDEXITONGGUIMOYEJIAODA,XUYAOPEIBEIJIAODADEGUANGFUZUJIANZHENLIEYIJIJIAODADEXUDIANCHIZU,QICHANGJIANDEYINGYONGXINGSHIYOUTONGXIN、YAOCE、JIANCESHEBEIDIANYUAN,NONGCUNDEJIZHONGGONGDIAN,HANGBIAODENGTA、LUDENGDENG。WOGUOZAIXIBUYIXIEWUDIANDIQUJIANSHEDEBUFENXIANGCUNGUANGFUDIANZHANJIUSHICAIYONGDEZHEIZHONGXINGSHI,ZHONGGUOYIDONGGONGSIHEZHONGGUOLIANTONGGONGSIZAIPIANPIWUDIANWANGDIQUJIANSHEDETONGXUNJIZHANYEYOUCAIYONGZHEIZHONGGUANGFUXITONGGONGDIANDE。RUSHANXIWANJIAZHAIDETONGXUNJIZHANGONGCHENG。

4.JIAOLIU、ZHILIUGONGDIANXITONG(AC/DC)

大发体育YUSHANGSHUDESANZHONGTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUXITONGBUTONGDESHI,ZHEIZHONGGUANGFUXITONGNENGGOUTONGSHIWEIZHILIUHEJIAOLIUFUZAITIGONGDIANLI,GUANGFUFADIANCHANGJIAZAIXITONGJIEGOUSHANGBISHANGSHUSANZHONGXITONGDUOLENIBIANQI,YONGYUJIANGZHILIUDIANZHUANHUANWEIJIAOLIUDIANYIMANZUJIAOLIUFUZAIDEXUQIU。TONGCHANGZHEIZHONGXITONGDEFUZAIHAODIANLIANGYEBIJIAODA,CONGERXITONGDEGUIMOYEJIAODA。ZAIYIXIETONGSHIJUYOUJIAOLIUHEZHILIUFUZAIDETONGXUNJIZHANHEQITAYIXIEHANYOUJIAO、ZHILIUFUZAIDEGUANGFUDIANZHANZHONGDEDAOYINGYONG。

5.BINGWANGXITONG(UtilityGridConnect)

大发体育ZHEIZHONGTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUXITONGZUIDADETEDIANJIUSHIGUANGFUZHENLIECHANSHENGDEZHILIUDIANJINGGUOBINGWANGNIBIANQIZHUANHUANCHENGFUHESHIDIANDIANWANGYAOQIUDEJIAOLIUDIANZHIHOUZHIJIEJIERUSHIDIANWANGLUO,BINGWANGXITONGZHONGPVFANGZHENSUOCHANSHENGDIANLICHULEGONGJIJIAOLIUFUZAIWAI,DUOYUDEDIANLIFANKUIJIDIANWANG。ZAIYINYUTIANHUOYEWAN,GUANGFUZHENLIEMEIYOUCHANSHENGDIANNENGHUOZHECHANSHENGDEDIANNENGBUNENGMANZUFUZAIXUQIUSHIJIUYOUDIANWANGGONGDIAN。YINWEIZHIJIEJIANGDIANNENGSHURUDIANWANG,MIANCHUPEIZHIXUDIANCHI,SHENGDIAOLEXUDIANCHICHUNENGHESHIFANGDEGUOCHENG,KEYICHONGFENLIYONGPVFANGZHENSUOFADEDIANLICONGERJIANXIAOLENENGLIANGDESUNHAO,BINGJIANGDILEXITONGDECHENGBEN。DANSHIXITONGZHONGXUYAOZHUANYONGDEBINGWANGNIBIANQI,YIBAOZHENGSHUCHUDEDIANLIMANZUDIANWANGDIANLIDUIDIANYA,PINLVDENGZHIBIAODEYAOQIU。YINWEINIBIANQIXIAOLVDEWENTI,HAISHIHUIYOUBUFENDENENGLIANGSUNSHI。ZHEIZHONGXITONGTONGCHANGNENGGOUBINGXINGSHIYONGSHIDIANHETAIYANGNENGGUANGFUZUJIANZHENLIEZUOWEIBENDIJIAOLIUFUZAIDEDIANYUAN。JIANGDILEZHENGGEXITONGDEFUZAIQUEDIANLV。ERQIEBINGWANGPVXITONGKEYIDUIGONGYONGDIANWANGQIDAODIAOFENGZUOYONG。

6.HUNHEGONGDIANXITONG(Hybrid)

ZHEIZHONGTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUXITONGZHONGCHULESHIYONGTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUZUJIANZHENLIEZHIWAI,GUANGFUFADIANCHANGJIAHAISHIYONGLEYOUJIZUOWEIBEIYONGDIANYUAN。SHIYONGHUNHEGONGDIANXITONGDEMUDEJIUSHIWEILEZONGHELIYONGGEZHONGFADIANJISHUDEYOUDIAN,BIMIANGEZIDEQUEDIAN。BIFANGSHUO,SHANGSHUDEJIZHONGDULIGUANGFUXITONGDEYOUDIANSHIWEIHUSHAO,QUEDIANSHINENGLIANGDESHUCHUYILAIYUTIANQI,BUWENDING。ZONGHESHIYONGCHAIYOUFADIANJIHEGUANGFUZHENLIEDEHUNHEGONGDIANXITONGHEDANYINENGYUANDEDULIXITONGXIANGBIJIUKEYITIGONGBUYILAIYUTIANQIDENENGYUAN,TADEYOUDIANSHI:

1)SHIYONGHUNHEGONGDIANXITONGDEHAIKEYIDADAOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDEGENGHAODELIYONG。YINWEISHIYONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDEDULIXITONGTONGCHANGSHIANZHAOZUIHUAIDEQINGKUANGJINXINGSHEJI,YINWEIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANSHIBIANHUADE,BUWENDINGDE,SUOYIXITONGBIXUANZHAONENGLIANGCHANSHENGZUISHAODESHIQIJINXINGSHEJI。YOUYUXITONGSHIANZHAOZUICHADEQINGKUANGJINXINGSHEJI,SUOYIZAIQITADESHIJIAN,XITONGDERONGLIANGSHIGUODADE。ZAITAIYANGFUZHAOZUIGAOFENGSHIQICHANSHENGDEDUOYUDENENGLIANGMEIFASHIYONGERLANGFEILE。ZHENGGEDULIXITONGDEXINGNENGJIUYINCIERJIANGDI。RUGUOZUICHAYUEFENDEQINGKUANGHEQITAYUEFENCHABIEHENDA,YOUKENENGDAOZHILANGFEIDENENGLIANGDENGYUSHENZHICHAOGUOSHEJIFUZAIDEXUQIU。

大发体育2)JUYOUJIAOGAODEXITONGSHIYONGXING。ZAIDULIXITONGZHONGYINWEIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDEBIANHUAHEBUWENDINGHUIDAOZHIXITONGCHUXIANGONGDIANBUNENGMANZUFUZAIXUQIUDEQINGKUANG,YEJIUSHICUNZAIFUZAIQUEDIANQINGKUANG,SHIYONGHUNHEXITONGZEHUIDADADEJIANGDIFUZAIQUEDIANLV。

3)HEDANYONGCHAIYOUFADIANJIDEXITONGXIANGBI,JUYOUJIAOSHAODEWEIHUHESHIYONGJIAOSHAODERANLIAO。

大发体育4)JIAOGAODERANYOUXIAOLV。ZAIDIFUHEDEQINGKUANGXIA,CHAIYOUJIDERANYOULIYONGLVHENDI,HUIZAOCHENGRANYOUDELANGFEI。GUANGFUFADIANCHANGJIAZAIHUNHEXITONGZHONGKEYIJINXINGZONGHEKONGZHISHIDECHAIYOUJIZAIEDINGGONGLVFUJINGONGZUO,CONGERTIGAORANYOUXIAOLV。

5)FUZAIPIPEIGENGJIADELINGHUOXING。SHIYONGHUNHEXITONGZHIHOU,YINWEICHAIYOUFADIANJIKEYIJISHITIGONGJIAODADEGONGLV,

SUOYIHUNHEXITONGKEYISHIYONGYUFANWEIGENGJIAGUANGFANDEFUZAIXITONG,LIRUKEYISHIYONGJIAODADEJIAOLIUFUZAI,CHONGJIZAIHEDENG。HAIKEYIGENGHAODEPIPEIFUZAIHEXITONGDEFADIAN。ZHIYAOZAIFUZAIDEGAOFENGSHIQIDAKAIBEIYONGNENGYUANJIKEJIANDANDEBANDAO。YOUSHIHOU,FUZAIDEDAXIAOJUEDINGLEXUYAOSHIYONGHUNHEXITONG,DADEFUZAIXUYAOHENDADEDIANLIUHEHENGAODEDIANYA。RUGUOZHISHISHIYONGTAIYANGNENGCHENGBENJIUHUIHENGAO。

大发体育HUNHEXITONGHAIYOUQIZISHENDEQUEDIAN:

1)KONGZHIBIJIAOFUZA。YINWEISHIYONGLEDUOZHONGNENGYUAN,SUOYIXITONGXUYAOJIANKONGMEIZHONGNENGYUANDEGONGZUOQINGKUANG,CHULIGEGEZINENGYUANXITONGZHIJIANDEXIANGHUYINGXIANG、XIEDIAOZHENGGEXITONGDEYUNZUO,ZHEIYANGJIUDAOZHIQIKONGZHIXITONGBIDULIXITONGFUZA,XIANZAIDUOSHIYONGWEICHULIXINPIANJINXINGXITONGGUANLI。

2)CHUQIGONGCHENGJIAODA。HUNHEXITONGDESHEJI,ANZHUANG,SHIGONGGONGCHENGDOUBIDULIGONGCHENGYAODA。

3)BIDULIXITONGXUYAOGENGDUODEWEIHU。YOUJIDESHIYONGXUYAOHENDUODEWEIHUGONGZUO,BIRUGENGHUANJIYOULVQINGQI,RANYOULVQINGQI,HUOHUASAIDENG,HAIXUYAOJIRANYOUXIANGTIANJIARANYOUDENG。

大发体育4)WURANHEZAOYIN。GUANGFUXITONGSHIWUZAOYIN,WUPAIFANGDEJIEJINGNENGYUANLIYONG,DANSHIYINWEIHUNHEXITONGZHONGSHIYONGLECHAIYOUJI,ZHEIYANGJIUBUKEBIMIANDECHANSHENGZAOYINHEWURAN。

HENDUOZAIPIANYUANWUDIANDIQUDETONGXINDIANYUANHEMINHANGDAOHANGSHEBEIDIANYUAN,YINWEIDUIDIANYUANDEYAOQIUHENGAO,DOUSHICAIYONGDEHUNHEXITONGGONGDIAN,YIQIUDADAODEXINGJIABI。WOGUOXINJIANG、YUNNANJIANSHEDEHENDUOXIANGCUNGUANGFUDIANZHANJIUSHICAIYONGGUANG/CHAIHUNHEXITONG。

大发体育7.BINGWANGHUNHEGONGDIANXITONG(Hybrid)

SUIZHETAIYANGNENGGUANGDIANZICHANYEDEFAZHAN,CHUXIANLEKEYIZONGHELIYONGTAIYANGNENGGUANGFUZUJIANZHENLIE,SHIDIANHEBEIYONGYOUJIDEBINGWANGHUNHEGONGDIANXITONG。ZHEIZHONGXITONGTONGCHANGSHIKONGZHIQIHENIBIANQIJICHENGYITIHUA,SHIYONGDIANNAOXINPIANQUANMIANKONGZHIZHENGGEXITONGDEYUNXING,ZONGHELIYONGGEZHONGNENGYUANDADAOZUIJIADEGONGZUOZHUANGTAI,BINGHAIKEYISHIYONGXUDIANCHIJINYIBUTIGAOXITONGDEFUZAIGONGDIANBAOZHANGLV,LIRUAESDESMDNIBIANQIXITONG。GAIXITONGKEYIWEIBENDIFUZAITIGONGHEGEDEDIANYUAN,BINGKEYIZUOWEIYIGEZAIXIANDEUPS(BUJIANDUANDIANYUAN)GONGZUO。HAIKEYIXIANGDIANWANGGONGDIANHUOZHECONGDIANWANGHUODEDIANLI。XITONGDEGONGZUOFANGSHITONGCHANGDESHIJIANGSHIDIANHETAIYANGNENGDIANYUANBINGXINGGONGZUO,DUIYUBENDIFUZAIERYAN,RUGUOGUANGFUZUJIANCHANSHENGDEDIANNENGZUGOUFUZAISHIYONG,TAJIANGZHIJIESHIYONGGUANGFUZUJIANCHANSHENGDEDIANNENGGONGJIFUZAIDEXUQIU。RUGUOGUANGFUZUJIANCHANSHENGDEDIANNENGCHAOGUOJISHIFUZAIDEXUQIUHAINENGJIANGDUOYUDEDIANNENGFANHUIDAODIANWANG;RUGUOGUANGFUZUJIANCHANSHENGDEDIANNENGBUGOUYONG,ZEJIANGZIDONGQIYONGSHIDIAN,SHIYONGSHIDIANGONGJIBENDIFUZAIDEXUQIU,ERQIE,DANGBENDIFUZAIDEGONGLVXIAOHAOXIAOYUSMDNIBIANQIDEEDINGSHIDIANRONGLIANGDE60%SHI,SHIDIANJIUHUIZIDONGJIXUDIANCHICHONGDIAN,BAOZHENGXUDIANCHIZHANGQICHUYUFUCHONGZHUANGTAI;RUGUOSHIDIANCHANSHENGGUZHANG,JISHIDIANTINGDIANHUOZHESHISHIDIANDEPINZHIBUHEGE,XITONGJIUHUIZIDONGDEDUANKAISHIDIAN,ZHUANCHENGDULIGONGZUOMOSHI,YOUXUDIANCHIHENIBIANQITIGONGFUZAISUOXUDEJIAOLIUDIANNENG。YIDANSHIDIANHUIFUZHENGCHANG,JIDIANYAHEPINLVDOUHUIFUDAOSHANGSHUDEZHENGCHANGZHUANGTAIYINEI,XITONGJIUHUIDUANKAIXUDIANCHI,GAIWEIBINGWANGMOSHIGONGZUO,YOUSHIDIANGONGDIAN。YOUDEBINGWANGHUNHEGONGDIANXITONGZHONGHAIKEYIJIANGXITONGJIANKONG、KONGZHIHESHUJUCAIJIGONGNENGJICHENGZAIKONGZHIXINPIANZHONG。ZHEIZHONGXITONGDEHEXINQIJIANSHIKONGZHIQIHENIBIANQI。


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关键词:光伏发电厂家

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