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光伏技术与产业市场的简述

发布日期:2020-01-30 作者: 点击:

光伏技术可直接将太阳的光能转换为电能,用此技术制作的光电池使用方便,特别是近年来微小型半导体逆变器迅速发展,促使其应用更加快捷。美、日、欧和发展中国家都制定出庞大的光伏技术发展计划,开发方向是大幅度提高光电池转换效率和稳定性,降低成本,不断扩大产业。目前已有80多个国家和地区形成商业化、半商业化生产能力,年均增长达16%,市场开拓从空间转向地面系统应用,甚至用于驱动交通工具。据报道,全球发展、建造太阳能住宅(光电池作屋顶、外墙、窗户等建材用)投资规模为600亿美元,而到2005年还会再翻一倍达1200亿美元,光伏技术制作的光电池有望成为21世纪的新能源。以下按其材料分类,展示南阳光伏发电光伏技术、产业及市场发展动向。

JINGTIGUIGUANGDIANCHI

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南阳光伏发电

FEIJINGGUIGUANGDIANCHI

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DUOJINGGUIGUANGDIANCHI

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TONGYINXIGUANGDIANCHI

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DIHUAGEGUANGDIANCHI

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SHENHUAJIAGUANGDIANCHI

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QITACAILIAOGUANGDIANCHI

InP(LINHUAYIN)GUANGDIANCHIDEKANGFUSHEXINGNENGTEBIEHAO,XIAOLVDA17?19%,DUOYONGYUKONGJIANFANGMIAN。CAIYONGSiGeDANJINGCHENDI,YANZHICHUZAIAM0TIAOJIANXIAXIAOLVDAYU20%DEGaAs/SiYIZHIJIEWAIYANGUANGDIANCHI,ZUIGAOXIAOLV23.3%。Si/Ge/GaAsJIEGOUDEYIZHIWAIYANGUANGDIANCHIZAIBUDUANKAIFAZHONG,KONGZHIGECENGHOUDU,SHIDANGBIANHUAJIEGOU,KESHITAIYANGGUANGZHONGGEZHONGBOZHANGDEGUANGZINENGLIANGDOUDEDAOYOUXIAOLIYONG,GaAsJIDUOCENGJIEGOUGUANGDIANCHIXIAOLVYIJIEJIN40%。


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关键词:南阳光伏发电

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