大发体育

南阳光伏发电

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浅谈光伏技术之所谓限电

发布日期:2019-09-26 作者: 点击:

“ZHUDUOGUANGFUHEFENGDIANDIANZHANDESHANGWANGDIANLIANGCONGSHURIQIANZHENGZAIZHUBUXIAHUA,12YUE4RIWANSHANG23DIAN,XINJIANGZHUDUOQINGJIENENGYUANDIANZHANJIEDAODIAOLING,HUIJIXIANLUYOUYUNXINGZHUANREBEIYONG,TINGZHIFADIANJIXIANGDIANWANGSHUSONGDIANLI。XINJIANGDEGUANGFU、FENGDIANYUNYINGQIYEZHENGZAIMIANLINCONGWEIYOUGUODE“HANDONG”,DUOSHUDIANZHANJIANGMIANLINZHENGGEDONGJIWUYINGSHOUDEKUNJING。”

大发体育YIZEXIANDIANDEXINWEN,ZAIJITIANZHINEIBEIXUNSUDECHUANBO,YENEIRENSHIFENFENZHIYIDIANWANGDEBUZUOWEI。HUABEIDIQUZHENGZAIZAOSHOUWUMAIDEKUNRAO,WEISHENQINGJIENENGYUANQUEBEIXIANZHIFADIAN?QISHIQINGJIENENGYUANBEI“XIANFA”YOULAIYIJIU。BENWENJIUQINGJIENENGYUANXIANDIANWENTIZHANKAITAOLUN。

1.YIXIEGAINIAN

WOMENXUYAOLIJIEDEYIXIEGAINIANXINGDEWENTI,BIRUQINGJIENENGYUANDEJIANXIEXING、SHENMESHIDIAOFENG、SHENMESHIREBEIYONGDENGDENG。ZHIYOUMINGBAIZHEIXIEWENTIZHIJIANDELIANXI,CAINENGMINGBAIWEISHENDIANWANGHUIZHEIMEZUO。

大发体育1.1QINGJIENENGYUANDEJIANXIEXING

水利发电是最早被利用的清洁能源,也是最被南阳光伏发电电网欢迎的清洁能源,水电主要靠重力势能变成机械能推动水轮机转动,水轮机转动变成电能。它的最大的特点就是“说发就发,说停就停”,电网要你发电,只要打开水闸,不让你发电,关闭水闸就好了。水电唯一的问题的是受枯水季节的限制,比如春、冬季节降水较少,水电出力(发电能力)就会变小。

FENGDIANZAIWOGUOFAZHANDESHIJIANBIGUANGFUZAOHENDUO,SANBEIDIQUDEFENGDIANANZHUANGRONGLIANGFEICHANGDA,08NIANZUOYOUFENGDIANXIANDIANWENTIJIUFEICHANGYANZHONGLE,FENGDIANSHIJIZHONGQINGJIENENGYUANZHONGDUIDIANWANG“ZUIBUYOUHAO”DEYIZHONGNENGYUAN。FENGDIANDE“FANDIAOFENG”(WANQUANBUNENGMANZUDIANWANGDIAODU)NENGLIFEICHANGQIANG、BAITIANYONGDIANGAOFENGQI,MEIFENGBUFADIAN。WANSHANGYONGDIANSHAODESHIHOUFENGDALE。DADIANWANGDEDIANNENGSHIBUCHUCUNDE,YONGDUOSHAOFADUOSHAO,BURANDIANWANGJIUHUIBENGKUI,SUNSHISHIZAINANXINGDE。

GUANGFUDAJIADOULEJIE,BAITIANFADIAN、WANSHANGBUFADIAN,QINGTIANFADIANDUO、YINTIANFADIANSHAO、DUOYUNSHIBODONGJIAODA。GUANGFUFADIANKEYIBANGZHUDIANWANGZAIBAITIANJINGXING“DIAOFENG”SUOYISHIBIJIAOYOUHAODEYIZHONGQINGJIENENGYUAN。FENBUSHIGUANGFUFADIANDUIDIANWANGJIHUMEIYOUYINGXIANG,DAXINGDIMIANDIZHANZHADUIJIANSHEZAIXIBEIHUANGMODIDAI,DUIDIANWANGJIUSHIYIZHONG“FUDAN”。

南阳光伏发电

1.2DIAOFENG

大发体育YOUYUYONGDIANFUHESHIBUJUNYUNDE。ZAIYONGDIANGAOFENGSHI,FUHEDA。CISHIXUYAOTOURUZAIZHENGCHANGYUNXINGYIWAIDEFADIANJIZUYIMANZUXUQIU。ZHEIXIEFADIANJIZUCHENGDIAOFENGJIZU。YINWEITAYONGYUDIAOJIEYONGDIANDEGAOFENG,SUOYICHENGDIAOFENGJIZU。DIAOFENGJIZUDEYAOQIUSHIQIDONGHETINGZHIFANGBIANKUAIJIE,BINGWANGSHIDETONGBUDIAOZHENGRONGYI。YIBANDIAOFENGJIZUYOURANQILUNJIJIZUHECHOUSHUIXUNENGJIZUDENGDENG。

DIANNENGBUNENGCHUCUN,DIANNENGDEFACHUHESHIYONGSHITONGBUDE,SUOYIXUYAODUOSHAODIANLIANG,NANYANGGUANGFUFADIANBUMENJIUBIXUTONGBUFACHUDUOSHAODIANLIANG。DIANLIXITONGZHONGDEYONGDIANFUHESHIJINGCHANGFASHENGBIANHUADE,WEILEWEICHIYOUGONGGONGLVPINGHENG,BAOCHIXITONGPINLVWENDING,XUYAOFADIANBUMENXIANGYINGGAIBIANFADIANJIDECHULIYISHIYINGYONGDIANFUHEDEBIANHUA,ZHEIJIUJIAOZUODIAOFENG。

大发体育FANDIAOFENGGUMINGSIYIJIUSHIYUDIANWANGDIAOFENGGUFUHEGONGZUOCHANG“FANDIAO”,SHIZHISHANGSHIZAIDIAOFENGGONGZUOZHONGMOUXIEDIFANGDIANWANGHUODIANCHANGCHUYUBENSHENLIYIHEGONGZUOFANGBIAN,BUGUQUANWANGLIYIDEYIZHONGFANCHANGXINGWEI,TAMENZAIDIANWANGDIGUFUHEQUANWANGCHULIGUOSHENGSHIBUXISHOUXITONGGONGLV,XIANGFANHAISHUCHUGONGLV,QIANGFADIANLIANG;ERZAIGAOFENGSHIYINJIZUDIANYADI,WENDUGAOYOUJIANQIKEDIAOCHULI,QIJIEGUOFEIDANJIAZHONGLEQITADIAOFENGDIAOPINCHANGDEYALI。

大发体育XINJIANG、GANSUDENGXIBEISHENGFEN,DABUFENDEDIAOFENGRENWUDOUSHIHUODIANCHANGCHENGDANDE,YINWEIZHEILIMEIYOUJIANSHESHUIDIANZHANDETIAOJIAN,CONGMUQIANGUOCHANGUOLULAIJIANG,LILUNSHANGKEYICONG100%DIAODAO30%,YEJIUSHISHUO,YITAI600MWJIZU,QIFADIANLIANGKEYINENGGOUCONG600MWXIAJIANGDAO180MW,QIDIAOFENGNENGLISHI420MW,QIDIAOFENGSHENDUSHI70%。DANSHISHIJISHANGGUOCHANGUOLUBUNENGMANZUSHANGSHUYAOQIU,NENGGOUMANZU50%DEDIAOFENGNENGLIYIJINGSHIHENBUCUODELE。

大发体育DIAOFENGDIANCHANGYOURANQILUNJIJIZUHECHOUSHUIXUNENGJIZUDENG。MUQIANDUOSHUCAIYONGSHUILIFADIANCHANGDIAOFENG,YINWEIZHEILIANGLEIDIAOFENGDIANCHANGDEXINGNENGBUTONG,SHUILIFADIANCHANGXIANGYINGHENKUAI,KAIJI、TINGJIBIJIAOLINGHUO,ERHUOLIFADIANCHANGXIANGYINGJIAOMAN,CONGGUOLUQILUDAOQILUNJIBINGWANGFADIANXUYAOHAOZHANGSHIJIAN,SUOYIZHULIDIAOFENGDIANCHANGJIUSHISHUILIFADIANCHANG,ZAISHUILIFADIANCHANGDIAOFENGBUZUHUOZHEKUSHUIQIDESHIHOU,JIUXUYAOQIYONGHUOLIFADIANCHANGJINXINGBUCHONGDIAOFENG。

大发体育SHUILIFADIANCHANGDEDIAOFENGGONGZUOZHUANGKUANGYIBANSHIZAIYONGDIANDIGUQI,DIAOFENGDIANCHANGYIDIANNENGZUODONGLI,CHOUSHUIXUNENGJIANGDIANNENGZHUANHUAWEIKEYICHUCUNDENENGLIANG,ERDANGYONGDIANGAOFENGQI,DIAOFENGDIANCHANGTONGGUOSHUILIFADIANBACHUCUNDENENGLIANGZHUANHUAWEIDIANNENG,SONGRUDIANWANG。ZHIYUHUOLIFADIANCHANGDEGONGZUOZHUANGKUANG,JIUSHILIYONGMEI、SHIYOU、TIANRANQIDENGGUTI、YETI、QITIRANLIAORANSHAOSHICHANSHENGDERENENG,TONGGUOFADIANDONGLIZHUANGZHIZHUANHUANCHENGDIANNENGDEYIZHONGFADIANFANGSHI。

MUQIANYOUHENDUOQIYEZAIDAXINGSHUIDIANPANGBIANJIANSHEDAXINGHETEDAXINGGUANGFUDIANZHAN,2013NIANSHIJIESHANGZUIDAGUIMODESHUIGUANGHUBUGUANGFUDIANZHANSHI——LONGYANGXIASHUIGUANGHUBU320ZHAOWABINGWANGGUANGFUDIANZHAN。

1.3REDIANLIANCHAN

SHIZHIFADIANCHANGJISHENGCHANDIANNENG,YOULIYONGQILUNFADIANJIZUOGUOGONGDEZHENGQIDUIYONGHUGONGREDESHENGCHANFANGSHI,JITONGSHISHENGCHANDIAN、RENENGDEGONGYIGUOCHENG,JIAOZHIFENBIESHENGCHANDIAN、RENENGFANGSHIJIEYUERANLIAO。YIREDIANLIANCHANFANGSHIYUNXINGDEHUODIANCHANGCHENGWEIREDIANCHANG。DUIWAIGONGREDEZHENGQIYUANSHICHOUQISHIQILUNJIDEDIAOZHENGCHOUQIHUOBEISHIQILUNJIDEPAIQI,YALITONGCHANGFENWEI0.78~1.28ZHAOPA(MPa)HE0.12~0.25MPaLIANGDENG。QIANZHEGONGGONGYESHENGCHAN,HOUZHEGONGMINYONGCAINUAN。REDIANLIANCHANDEZHENGQIMEIYOULENGYUANSUNSHI,SUOYINENGJIANGREXIAOLVTIGAODAO85%。

1.4BEIFANGDONGJIGONGNUAN

WOMENGUOJIASHIYIQINLING---HUAIHEWEIFENJIEXIANQUFENNAN、BEIFANG。BEIFANGCHENGSHIDONGTIANSHIYONGNUANQIQUNUAN。SHIJIANYIBANCONG11YUE15RIKAISHI,3YUE15RIJIESHU。XIBEIDIQUTIQIANYIGEYUEGONGNUAN,TUICHI1-2GEYUEJIESHU。GONGNENGSHIJIANZHANG、DIANWANGYALIJIAODA。

“11YUEKAISHI,DONGBEIDIQUJINRUCAINUANQI,ZHANQUANWANGZHUANGJIRONGLIANG20%YISHANGDEHUODIANJIZUKAISHIGONGRE,JIZUZONGTIDIAOFENGNENGLIDAFUXIAJIANG。”

“YUNXINGJIZUDIGUCHULIAN《2009NIANDULIAONINGDIANWANGYUNXINGFANGSHI》TIGONGDEFEICHANGGUIDIAOFENGDINGEJIANDAOZUIDI,XINTOUYUNDAHUODIANJIZUAN50%DIAOFENG”

大发体育“SHANXIDONGJI,PINGSHUINIANDIAOFENGBUZUYANZHONGYUKUSHUINIAN,QUEEZUIDADESHIDUANRENGZAI12YUEDADAO1120MWPINGSHUINIANDIAOFENGZHENGTILVEDIYUKUSHUINIANDEZHUYAOYUANYINSHIXIAOSHUIDIANCHULIBUTONG,PINGSHUINIANBIKUSHUINIANDONGJIXIAOSHUIDIANCHULIDA10%XIAJIDA30%。YOUYUREDIANCHANGDONGJIBUCANJIADIAOFENG,JIZHANLEKEDIAODIANYUANDEKONGJIAN,SHIDIANWANGPINGJUNDIAOFENGNENGLIDADAJIANGDI。”

大发体育YISHANGNEIRONGCHUZIDIANLIXITONGCONGYEZHUANJIAZHUANXIEDELUNWEN,MEIGESHENGDEDIANLIXITONGDOUZAIYANJIURUHEBAKUAISUFAZHANDEQINGJIENENGYUANBINGRUDIANWANG,ERYOUBUYINGXIANGZHENGCHANGDESHEHUISHENGCHAN、SHENGHUOYONGDIAN。

大发体育HUODIANCHANGZHONGCHANGGUIDENINGQISHIFADIANJIZUKEYIGONGRE,ZAIQIZHONGYAGANGZHIDIYAGANGDEDAOGUANSHANGDAKONGCHOUQI,KEYIMANZUBEIFANGMINYONGCAINUANZHENGQIDEYAOQIU。RUGUOYOUGONGYEYONGQI,KEYIGENJUQIYAOQIUZAIZHONGYAGANGDAKONGCHOUQI。MUQIANZHEIYANGDEGONGREJIZUFEICHANGDUO,YOUQISHICHUYUCHENGSHIFUJINDE300MWJIZU,DOUYAOQIUCAIYONGSHANGSHUGONGREFANGSHI。

大发体育YOUYUDALIANGHUODIANJIZUCANYULECHENGSHIGONGRE,DAOZHIFUHEQUANMAN(YIBIANGONGDIAN、YIBIANGONGRE)NENGGOUCANJIADIAOFENGDERONGLIANGJIUBUGOULE,SUOYIHUIXIANZHIQINGJIENENGYUANFADIAN。

1.5SUANLI

SHANGMIANDENEIRONGGUJIDAJIAKANLETOUTENG,YEKENENGBULIJIE。XIAMIANWOMENMONIYIGECHENGSHIDECHUNXIAQIUDONGRANGDAJIAMINGBAI。

大发体育MOUCHENGSHIYOUYIZUOFADIANNENGLI300DEFADIANZHAN,CHENGSHICHUN、QIUZUIDAHEZUIXIAOYONGDIANLIANGWEI250HE150,GAICHENGSHIXIAJIYANRE,ZHILENG(KONGDIAO)FUHE50,DONGTIANYOUGONGREFUHE(NUANQI)RIJIAN60、YEJIAN100。GAICHENGSHIYOU50MTAIYANGNENGDIANZHANHE50ZHAOWAFENGLIFADIANZHAN。

大发体育CHUN、QIUTIAN:HUOLIJIZU50%CHULISHI(BEIYONGYULIANG150)KEYIWANQUANJIENAFENG、GUANG100%DECHULI。DANGDUOYUN,DAFENGZHOUTINGSHI:GUANGFUCHULIXIAJIANG50%、FENGLIFADIANCHULIBIANWEI0,YOU75DECHULIJIANSHAO,HUODIANZHANZENGJIAFADIANJIKEMIBU。

大发体育XIATIAN:HUOLIJIZUANZHAO66%CHULISHI(BEIYONGYULIANG100)BAITIANYEKEYIWANQUANJIENAFENG、GUANG100%DECHULI。YEJIAN:GUANGFUBUCHULI,FENGDIANMANFASHI,HUOLIJIZUJIANXIAO50CHULI,YEKEYIJIENAFENGLIMANFA。

DONGTIAN:HUOLIJIZURUGUOQUANBUCANJIAGONGNUAN,100%CHULI,QIE24XIAOSHIBUJIANSHAOCHULI(BUCANJIADIAOFENG)。RUGUOBUKAOLVWAISONGDEHUA,DIANWANGZHINENGJIENA10ZHAOWAZUOYOUDEQINGJIENENGYUANCHULI。SHENGYU90CHULIDOUHUIBEIXIANZHI。RUGUOWAISONGTIAOJIANHAO,ZHEIXIEQINGJIENENGYUANCHULIBUHUIBEILANGFEI,DANSHIXIANSHIZHONG,FENG、GUANGZIYUANFENGFUDEDIFANG,YESHIDIANWANGBORUODEDUIFANG,CHENGSHIZHIJIANWANGWANGLIZHEJIBAIGONGLI,WAISONGDETIAOJIANBUCHONGFEN。

2.YONGFENG、GUANGFADIAN“SHAOKAISHUI”

WENXIAN3ZHONGJIESHAOLENINGXIADIANLIXITONGDEZHUANJIAZHENDUIQIGUANG、QIFENGWENTISHANGTICHUDEFANGFA。

“NINGXIADIANWANGPEIHEQINGJIENENGYUANDIAOFENGDEFANGSHIZHUYAOWEIHUODIANJIZU。YOUYUJINJINIANWUXINJIANHUODIANXIANGMU,DAOZHIQINGJIENENGYUANDIAOFENGYALIZHUNIANZENGJIA。ERQIEWANGNEIDALIANGHUODIANJIZUWEIGONGREJIZUDONGJIREFUHEXIANZHILEREDIANLIANCHANJIZUDEDIAOFENGRONGLIANG。ZAIGONGREXITONGZHONGYINRUCHURESHIDIANGUOLUHOU,KEGAIBIANREDIANJIZUSUOCHENGDANDEREFUHEYUDIANFUHEDEBILI。QINGJIENENGYUANDIAOFENGSHI,YIFANGMIANKEYITONGGUOWUREFUHEFUDANDEHUODIANJIZUDIAOFENG;LINGYIFANGMIANHAIKETONGGUODIANGUOLUZENGJIAQINGJIENENGYUANDIANLIDEXIAONA,DUIQINGJIENENGYUANCHULISHIXIANXUEFENGTIANGU。”

JUTIFANGANWEI:

(1)FUHEDIGUQIHUOFENGDIAN、GUANGFUCHULIDASHI,KAIQIDIANGUOLUCHURE;

(2)HUODIANJIZUDIAOFENGRONGLIANGBUZUSHI,TOURUDIANGUOLUCHUREGONGRE,ZENGJIAHUODIANJIZUDEXUANZHUANBEIYONGRONGLIANG;

(3)GENJUQINGJIENENGYUANDECHULIBIANHUA,JISHIDIAOZHENGREFUHEYUDIANFUHEDEBILI。DANGQINGJIENENGYUANCHULIGAOYUJIHUAZHISHI,KAIQICHURESHIDIANGUOLUJIANGREFUHEZHUANHUAWEIDIANFUHE;ZAIQINGJIENENGYUANCHULIDIYUJIHUAZHISHI,GUANBICHURESHIDIANGUOLUJIANGDIANFUHEZHUANHUAWEIREFUHE。

BAWENXIAN3DEZHEIZHONGFANGFAJIESHIDEZAITONGSUYIXIE,YIQIANWOMENXIZAOYAOYONGMEIGUOLUSHAORESHUI,XIANZAIYOUHENDUOFENGDIAN、GUANGDIANYONGBUWANBAIBAILANGFEILE,WOMENMAIYIGEDIANGUOLUSHAOSHUI,BUYONGMEIGUOLULE。

WENXIAN4ZHONGDUI“FENGDIANCANJIAREDIANLIANCHAN”ZUOLEXIANGXIDEFENXI(KETONGYANGYONGYUGUANGFU),DECHULEJIDIANZHIDESIKAODEJIELUNHEJIANYI:

1.FENGDIANTIDAIREDIANLIANCHANJIZUJINXINGGONGDIANHEGONGRE,YINCI,ZAIGUONEI“SANBEI”DIQUQIFENGYANZHONGDEHUANJINGXIA,JUYOUMINGXIANDEJIEMEIXIAOYI。QIJIEMEILIANGQUJUEYUSUOJIENADEQIFENGDIANLIANGJIQISUOTIDAIREDIANJIZUDERANLIAOLIYONGXIAOLV。

大发体育2.ZAIMUQIAN“SANBEI”DIQUGEQIFENGJIAOWEIYANZHONGDEDIANWANGZHONG,JUNJUYOUSHISHIGAIFANGANDEGUOMINJINGJIKEXINGXING,DANYOUYUGEDIANWANGQIFENGQINGKUANGBUTONG,ZUIYOUANZHUANGGUIMOYEHUIYOUSUOBUTONG。ZAIQIFENGFEICHANGYANZHONGDEDIANWANGZHONG,RUMENGXIDIANWANG,SHISHIGAIFANGANJIANGJUYOUXIANZHUDEJIEMEIXIAOGUOHEJINGJIXIAOYI,BAOSHOUGUJIJINGJINEIBUSHOUYILVKEDADAO20%YISHANG。

大发体育3.YOUYUSHOUYIZHUTIHECHENGBENZHUTIBUTONG,GAIFANGANDESHISHIXUYAODUIREDIANCHANGJINXINGHELIDEJINGJIJILI。RUREDIANCHANGKETONGGUOYUYIXIEQIFENGDIANLIANGJIAODA、QIFENGSHIJIANJIAOZHANGDEFENGDIANCHANGQIANDINGZHANGQISHUANGBIANHETONGDEFANGSHISUODINGLIYONGDIANGUOLUDELIYONGXIAOSHISHUYIJIDIAOFENGSHOUYI,CONGERGUIBITOUZIFENGXIAN,DADAOYUFENGDIANDEGONGYING。


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关键词:南阳光伏发电

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